Stress occurs when the demands you feel tax or exceed your ability to meet them.
When you are stressed, you are likely to have a sense of being overwhelmed, worried or run-down. You may have trouble sleeping, slowing down your busy brain, or enjoying yourself while doing anything.
Although stress can be helpful, boosting our energy and ability to deal with short-term crises, extreme and prolonged stress can have negative health consequences, affecting our immunity, cardiovascular health, and central nervous systems, in addition to leading to anxiety and depression, self-medication through alcohol and drugs, and harming relationships and job performance.
Occupational stress can be the result of
- interpersonal conflict in the workplace
- conflicting demands in the workplace
- conflicting demands between personal and business life
- doing work for which one is not adequately trained or prepared
- a combination of stressors including personal and workplace problems.
When the stress load at work is greater than one’s ability to cope, such maladaptive behaviours as avoiding work through absenteeism often result.
How is Stress Treated?
Counselling can assist people to deal more constructively with stressful situations. Psychologists help individuals analyze and better understand the factors contributing to their stress levels, help develop effective coping strategies, and guide working through difficult situation.